If you know what 42.195km or 26.2 miles stand for, do you who is Pheidippides?
He was a Greek messenger who was dispatched by his Athenian general in 490 BC to request aid from Sparta in fighting the invading Persian Army.
Marathon was the name of a town in ancient Greece and Pheidippides was tasked to run from Marathon to Anthens (25 miles). When he reached Anthen, he shouted “NIKE!” (victory) and then dropped dead.
The 25-mile marathon was included in the first modern Olympic Games in Anthen. It was only when the Olympic Games was held in London in 1908, then did the the distance became 26.2 miles. The reason for this was to accommodate the location of the Queen’s viewing box.